Form in the landscape is the ultimate visual expression of the many forces that influence the design of outdoor environments. Landscape architecture embodies a skillful integration of these forces so that the changes on the land respond to human needs yet remain sensitive to the environment. The process of reaching an appropriate form is the focus of this book. Contents: Preface. Credits. Chapter 1 The Concept: Creativity. Philosophical Concepts. Functional Concepts. Chapter 2 Geometric Form Development: The 90°/ Rectangular Theme. The 135°/ Octagonal Theme. The 120°/ Hexagonal Theme. Circles on Circles. Concentric Circles and Radii. Arcs and Tangents. Circle Segments. The Ellipse. The Spiral. Chapter 3 Naturalistic Form Development: Design Approaches. The Meander. The Free Ellipse and Scallops. The Free Spiral. The Irregular Polygon. The Organic Edge. Clustering and Fragmentation. Fractal Geometry. Chapter 4 Principles of Design: Basic Elements of Design. Organizing Principles. Integration of Form. Chapter 5 Beyond the Rules: Anomalous and Provocative Design. Acute Angle Forms. Counter Forms. Deconstruction. Social and Political Landscapes. Eccentric Landscapes. Landscapes of Distortion and Illusion. Chapter 6 Case Studies: Project 1. Silver Arch Sculpture Garden. Project 2. Courtyard of Circles. Project 3. Corner Lot Garden. Project 4. Pools of Pleasure. Project 5. Tsukubai Dialogue. Project 6. Canopied Retreat. Project 7. Platform Connections. Appendix. Guide Patterns. Geometric Construction Methods. References. Index.